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张亚勤寄语哥伦比亚大学2020年毕业生引领不知道年代

2020-05-20 22:50:43 作者:责任编辑NO。杜一帆0322
美国艺术与科学院院士、百度前总裁、清华大学智能科学讲席教授张亚勤

  新浪科技讯 5月20日上午音讯,5月18日,人工智能和数字视频的国际级科学家和企业家,美国艺术与科学院院士、百度前总裁、清华大学智能科学讲席教授张亚勤博士,在哥伦比亚大学工学院的结业仪式上宣布了主题讲演。

  张亚勤称,面对全球疫情,技能成为最要害的革新力气,高速网络、软件和人工智能等根底技能刻画咱们日子、学习、作业和文娱方法。他说到:“跟着国际进入一个充溢应战和不确定性的新阶段,年青工程师迎来了呼应历史任务的决定性时间,不只要以技能立异,还要以同理心、勇气和人文主义精神来迎候任务。”

  哥伦比亚大学工程学院院长玛丽·博伊斯(Mary C. Boyce)表明:“咱们很快乐能请到张亚勤博士(Dr. Ya-Qin Zhang)给咱们的结业生做讲演,以此来留念这一重要的里程碑。”她谈到:“咱们的结业生将进入一个改变的国际,他们也将成为年代改变的缔造者。学生们将获益张亚勤博士的观念,其特别作业路途也将鼓动学生们。”

  以下为百度前总裁、清华大学智能科学讲席教授张亚勤在2020年哥伦比亚大学工程学院结业仪式上的致辞全文:

  敬重的Bollinger校长, Boyce院长,家长们,同学们,大家好。

  我很侥幸可以在这个非常时期,以特别的方式到会这次特别的仪式。首要,祝贺2020届结业生,对你们获得的杰出成就表明诚心祝贺。你们做到了!

  我也是一名哥伦比亚大学的学生家长。我的儿子现在哥大工学院二年级学生,我女儿是哥大商学院2020届的结业生。我想与一切家长共享这份难以言表的高兴和自豪,咱们都做到了!

  这无疑是咱们有生回忆以来最具应战性和不确定性的一个时期。

  咱们不只看到了科学技能立异的极速前进和第四次工业革命的巨大力气,人工智能、纳米技能、量子核算机和5G通讯等等技能不断打破。

  咱们还目击了百年一遇的盛行疾病在全球范围内带来的突发性损坏和灾难性影响,对咱们的社会根底、经济结构和日子方法带来应战。

  关于那些学习过热力学第二规律的人来说,“熵”这个术语必定不生疏,它表明动态体系中的混沌程度(Chaos)。信息理论的创始者Claud Shannon将这一概念扩展到了信息的不确定性和随机性。可以说,2020届结业生是被赋予“熵”值最高的一届。未来的不行猜测和混沌程度都是史无前例的。对你们如此,对咱们一切人也是如此。

  与你们的沟通令我回想起我的学生年代和年青时的工程师作业经历。1990年结业后,我的第一份作业是开发算法,紧缩图画和视频,完结长途传输, 对国际标准MPEG和H.26x做出一点小奉献: MPEG和H.26x也是现在Netflix、YouTube、Skype和Zoom等盛行视频应用程序的重要根底。在曩昔的三十年里,我有幸一直在激动人心的立异技能中徜徉, HDTV、无人驾驶、人工智能和云核算等等。在这一路走来,收成的不只是无量的趣味,也有超凡的艰苦。我想跟同学们共享我的三个领会:

  1)在数据爆破和不断改变的国际中,成为具有强适应才能的学习者。在瞬息万变的技能职业中,五年前学到的常识大多已无用途。你们在哥伦比亚大学中学习到最有价值的是学习新知的才能,是从冗杂噪音中别离信号的才能,是从众多数据中提取“熵”的才能。我有一个卓有成效的习气,每天早上花10分钟,找出对我而言最新的发现或最重要的3件工作,当天来学习。

  2) 要具有共同的观念和视角。当你们进入实际国际,会自然而然的开端被“打磨”,去遵从已有的趋势,融入别人。我恳请你们坚持自己的尖利、棱角和异乎寻常。当我与年青工程师面聊时,我等待他们的观念、他们的“熵”、他们鲜活的主意,这些远比油滑、打磨、“正确”要重要得多。

  3) 不管做什么工作,要秉承品德和人道。两千多年前,巨大的希腊思想家苏格拉底将品德作为追求真理的魂灵。大约同一时期,巨大的我国哲学家孔子把人道的“善良”作为社会结构的根底。在天壤之别的文明下,两位巨大思想家所见略同,并非偶然。今日,当咱们面对更多挑选、苍茫和引诱时,这一点就变得更重要。技能是中立的,但立异者是有任务的。技能是东西,但技能人员是为人类服务的。院长Mary Boyce对哥伦比亚工学院提出的愿景“技能以人为本”是工程学的中心,也是咱们工程师和技能人员的主旨。

  年青的朋友们,对你们而言,这是一个决定性的时间,请纵情的用你们的才调、热情和立异,更用你们的同理心,勇气和人道,去展示,去闪烁,呼应任务的呼唤!

  再次祝贺你们,2020届结业生!

  张亚勤哥伦比亚大学结业仪式讲演英文原文:

  Leading in times of uncertainty

  President Bollinger, Dean Boyce, Parents and Students:

  I am honored to be here at this very special occasion, at a very special time, in the most special form。 First, a big congratulation to the class of 2020 for your remarkable accomplishments。 You made it!

  I am also a proud parent of Columbia。 My son is a rising junior at the engineering school, and my daughter is also a class 2020 for the business school。 I share the immense joy and incredible pride with all the parents, we all made it too!

  This is undoubtedly the most challenging and uncertain time in our living memory。

  We see the staggering pace of innovation and the transformative power of the fourth industrial revolution, with technology breakthroughs such as artificial intelligence, nano-technology, quantum computing, and 5G advanced communications。

  We also see the sudden disruption and catastrophic impact of the once-in-a-century pandemic at a global scale that challenges the very foundation of our social fabric, economic structure, and life style。

  For those of you who have learned the 2nd law of thermodynamics, you know the term “entropy”, which represents degree of chaos in a dynamic system。 Claud Shannon, the founding father of information theory, extended this notion to measure information uncertainty and randomness。 It’s fair to say that the Class of 2020 is the one that is “given” the highest entropy。 The level of unpredictability and chaos is unprecedented for you -- and for all of us。

  Talking with you reminds me of my early years as a student and young engineer。 My first job after graduation in 1990 was developing algorithms to compress imagery and video for remote transmission, essentially to extract the maximum entropy。 The work eventually contributed in a small way to a set of international standards known as MPEG and H.26x, the base for today’s popular video applications used in Netflix, YouTube, Skype and Zoom。 Over last three decades, I had the distinct opportunity to work on some of the most exciting technologies such as HDTV, autonomous driving, AI, and cloud computing。 I have had the wildest ride with not only a great deal of fun, but also extraordinary hardship along the way。 Let me share with you three of my personal learnings:

  1) Be an adaptive learner in the world of data explosion and constant change。 In today’s fast changing technology industry, most of what you learned five years ago is irrelevant。 The most valuable skill you’ve gained at Columbia is the ability to learn new things, to discern the signal from the noise, and to extract entropy from the ocean of data。 One routine I find particularly helpful is to commit just 10 minutes each morning and prioritize 3 things – anything new and important to me – to learn that day。

  2) Have a unique point of view and perspective。 When you get into the real world, there is a natural tendency to become “polished”, to follow existing trends, and to blend in with the rest。

  I ASK you to maintain your sharpness, your edge, and your differences。 When I interview people, particularly young engineers, I look for their point of view, their entropy, and their flash of ideas, which to me is far more important than being smooth, polished or “correct”。

  3) Hold Ethics and humanity at the heart of what you do。 Over 2000 years ago, the great Greek thinker Sock-ruh-tease put ethics as the soul for the pursuit of truth。 Around the same time, the great Chinese philosopher Confucius placed “Renyi”, which essentially means humanity, as the foundation for social structure。 It is no coincidence that two of the greatest minds from vastly different cultures had the same idea。 This has become even more critical today as we all face more choices, confusion, and temptations。 Technology is neutral, but innovators have purpose。 Engineering is a tool, but engineers serve humanity。 “Engineering for Humanity”, the vision set by Dean Mary Boyce for Columbia engineering is the very core of engineering and what engineers are all about。

  My young friends, this is the defining moment for you, for you to rise, to shine and answer the historic call of duty, with not only your talent, spark and innovations, but also compassion, courage and humanity。

  Congratulations again, Class 2020 !

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